to dirprocess: format disks                                            rev 7 dec 2021

Category: disks

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➽  How to: 
  
  ......................... 
  * cli

     // 1. locate the drive:
     $ df -h
     // The terminal prints out a list of all mounted partitions and
     //   relevant information: used space, available space, used space percentage,
     //   and the path.
     // Locate the USB in the list and find the corresponding device.
     //   It will be something like /dev/sdb1
     // If you are unsure of the drive designation, unplug the usb drive temporarily
     // before running the df command again. The device that is now gone from the list
     // is your USB device.

     // 2. format the drive. CHECK IS sdb1 or what?
     $ sudo mkfs.vfat /dev/sdb1

     // 3. verify the formating;
     $ sudo fsck /dev/sdb1
     // example output:
     //   (no files indicates successful formatting)
     fsck from util-linux 2.34
     fsck.fat 4.1 (2017-01024)
     /dev/sdb1: 0 files, 1/500002 clusters

    More info:
    - https://phoenixnap.com/kb/linux-format-usb

    More tools:
    - mtools - utilities to access DOS disks in unix.

  
  ......................... 
  * ubuntu gui - file manager? sidebar?
      - right-click on mounted drive,
          select overwrite and format type
      - will ask for confirmation
      - will unmount; need to be out of drive dir.
      - doesn't show any indicator of processing.
          i only knew something was happening because
          the drive had a light blinking.
      - 8gb overwrite took ~12 min

  
  ......................... 
  * ubuntu Disk utility

     - See in sidebar pane, or type 'disk' in Application menu search.
     - left pane shows drives, right pane shows details of each drive.
     - select drive, then click on small gear icon below 'Volumes' graphic.
     - select 'Format Partition'
       - give drive a name if you want
       - Erase - on
       - Type - for use with all systems and devices (FAT)
     - Popup - click Format
         will show progress bar and info.


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➽  links and resources: 

  * How to format USB drives in Linux
      Good clear how-tos.
      https://phoenixnap.com/kb/linux-format-usb



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